Describir palabras

Describing words

What are describing words, let alone Spanish describing words? Let’s take a look first at how we use describing words in English:

Did you see the amazing sunset yesterday? 

This house is so cozy

My friend is hilarious

That book was insightful.

Being able to describe things, concepts, people, and situations is key to communicating in any language. These “describing words” are called adjectives and they are the words we use to describe nouns (people, places, and things).

The words in italics above are adjectives: amazing, cozy, hilarious, insightful. Each modifies its own noun: amazing sunset, cozy house, hilarious friend, and insightful book.

Ready to learn all the useful details about describing words in Spanish? 

This beginner’s guide to using adjectives in Spanish will equip you with 100 common Spanish describing words you can use in your conversations!

Spanish Describing Words Require Adjective Agreement

For a smooth conversation in Spanish, you want to pay attention to adjective placement and agreement. 

Unlike in English, Spanish adjectives usually follow the noun. Rather than saying “the white house,” you say la casa blanca (“the house white”).

In Spanish, nouns are either masculine (el) or feminine (la). Adjectives must agree with the noun (or pronoun) they describe in gender and in number. 

For example, the noun las manzanas (the apples) is plural and feminine, so adjectives that describe it must also be plural and feminine. 

Las manzanas rojas – the red apples

Now, let’s dive into the Spanish describing words for people, places, and things. At the bottom of each section, I’ve included several example sentences to help you learn to use these words in conversation.

Spanish Describing Words: Adjectives for People

Human beings are complex and wonderful creatures! Check out the following adjectives to describe them in all their glory. I divided these Spanish describing words into the categories of personality, appearance, and emotional states.

Personality

sincero/a – honest 

deshonesto/a – dishonest

sensible – sensitive

insensible – insensitive

alegre – joyful

malo/a – mean

gracioso/a – funny, amusing

serio/a – serious

tímido/a – shy

valiente – brave

loco/a – crazy 

Hand-picked for you: Spanish Personality Traits: 100+ Ways to Describe Someone 

Appearance

bajo/a – short 

alto/a – tall

gordo/a – fat

delgado/a – thin

joven – young

viejo/a – old

lindo/a – pretty

bonito/a, guapo/a – good-looking

feo/a – ugly

rubio/a – blonde

moreno/a – dark-haired

pelirrojo/a – red-haired

pelón – bald

grande – big, large

pequeño/a – small

Emotional States

emocionado/a – excited

alegre, feliz– happy

paciente – patient

contento/a – pleased

orgulloso/a – proud

relajado/a – relaxed 

deprimido/a – depressed

dolido/a – hurt

triste – sad

infeliz – unhappy

preocupado/a – worried

incómodo/a – uncomfortable

Example Sentences

  • Mi hermana es baja y rubia. 
    My sister is short and blonde.
  • Me siento preocupada por mi papá. 
    I’m worried about my dad.
  • Mi primo siempre ha sido gracioso. 
    My cousin has always been funny.

For more Spanish adjectives to describe people, see

Spanish Describing Words: Adjectives for Places

The Spanish adjectives in this section are perfect for describing both natural and manmade places in detail. The categories are general place adjectives, weather-related descriptors, and atmosphere describing words.

General Place Adjectives

bueno/a – good

bello/a, hermoso/a – beautiful, picturesque

abierto/a – open 

cerrado/a – closed 

limpio/a – clean 

sucio/a – dirty 

ancho/a – wide

estrecho/a – narrow

lejano/a – far

cercano/a – close

rugoso/a – rugged

Weather-related Adjectives

caluroso/a – hot 

frío/a – cold 

seco/a – dry 

mojado/a – wet 

húmedo/a – humid

soleado/a – sunny

nublado/a – cloudy, foggy

lluvioso/a – rainy

nevado/a, nevoso/a – snowy

Atmosphere-related Adjectives

tranquilo/a – tranquil 

caótico/a – chaotic

silencioso/a – quiet

ruidoso/a – loud, noisy

natural – natural

artificial – artificial

festivo/a – festive

aburrido/a – boring

oscuro/a – dark

brillante – bright, brilliant 

casual – casual

formal – formal

Example Sentences

  • El paisaje es rugoso y el clima es caluroso. 
    The landscape is rugged and the climate is warm
  • Ese parque está muy lejano. ¿Podemos ir a otro? 
    That park is too far away. Can we go to a different one?
  • Me gusta el lugar porque está silencioso y tranquilo. 
    I like the place because it’s quiet and tranquil. 

Colors are also describing words in Spanish! Read our Vibrant Guide to Colors in Spanish with Phrases and Practice.

See alsoHow to Describe the World in Spanish: A Fun Guide for Explorers

Spanish Describing Words: Adjectives for Things

Use the adjectives in this section to describe “things”—a broad category that encompasses everything from personal belongings to objects to concepts and ideas.

General Thing Adjectives

caro/a – expensive 

barato/a – cheap 

nuevo/a – new 

antiguo/a – old, antique 

pesado/a – heavy

ligero/a – light

lleno/a – full

vacío/a – empty

suave – smooth

áspero/a – rough

blando/a – soft

duro/a – hard

Example Sentences

  • Esta caja es demasiado pesada para mí. 
    This box is too heavy for me.
  • Este libro es más ligero de lo que parece
    This book is lighter than it looks.
  • Esta galleta no se puede comer, está durísima. 
    I can’t eat this cookie; it’s really hard.

Spanish Adjectives for Concepts and Ideas

maravilloso/a – marvelous, amazing

repugnante – disgusting   

injusto/a – unfair 

justo/a – fair

rápido/a – fast

lento/a – slow

fácil – easy

simple – simple

complicado/a – complicated

difícil – difficult

importante – important

increíble – incredible

Example Sentences

  • Eres demasiado rápido para mí
    You’re too fast for me.
  • Tu idea es maravillosa. 
    Your idea is wonderful.
  • Ojalá la vida no fuera tan complicada. 
    I wish life weren’t so complicated.

Use Spanish Describing Words in Conversation!

Now that you know how to use Spanish adjectives to describe people, places, things and ideas, it’s time to practice using your newfound skills!

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